<em>Kelussiaodoratissima</em> Mozaff.as a rich source of essential fatty acids andphthalides

Ghasemi, Mehdi. and Mirlohi, Aghafakhr. and Ayyari, Mahdi. and Shojaeiyan, Abdolali. (2015) <em>Kelussiaodoratissima</em> Mozaff.as a rich source of essential fatty acids andphthalides. Journal of Herbmed Pharmacology, 4.

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Abstract

Abstract Introduction: The present study is the first assessment of the fatty acids of leaf and essential oil compositions of new three habitats of aerial parts of <em>K. odoratissima</em>. Methods: The aerial parts of <em>K. odoratissima</em> from the three habitats were dried. The essential oils were obtained by hydrodistillation for 3 h in a Clevenger-type apparatus, then the analysis of the components was carried out using gas chromatography&ndash;mass spectrometry. To study the oil yield and fatty acids, the dried leaves subjected to extraction in hexane by using Soxhlet Apparatus. To analyze fatty acids from the oil fractions by gas chromatography technique, the oil was subjected to transesterification to obtain the fatty acid methyl esters, which, were dissolved in hexane and subjected to GC analysis. Results: According to the results, a total of 43 components, the major constitutes of essential oil compositions were (Z)-Ligustilide (76.45), Unknown-A (4.47), (E)-Ligustilide (2.57), (Z)-Butylidene phthalide (2.37), 5-pentyl cyclohexa-1,3-diene (1.57) and Kessane (0.77) in <em>K. odoratissima</em>. The sixteen fatty acids were separated &nbsp;from the oil (5 yield per 100 g dry matter). Linoleic acid (25.46), &alpha;-Linolenic acid (16.66), Palmitic acid (11.92), Oleic acid (9.33), Stearic acid (4.72), Petroselinic acid (2.53), Arachidonic acid (2.51) and Erucic acid (1.76) were major fatty acids. Conclusion: Generally, <em>K. odoratissima</em> is a rich source of essential fatty acids and phthalide derivatives, specially (Z)-ligustilide. This study was presented valuable information about the phytochemical properties, which can be useful for the future researches on the pharmacological effects of <em>K. odoratissima</em>.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Kelussia odoratissima Mozaff. Essential oil Fatty acids (Z)-Ligustilide Omega-3 Omega-6
Subjects: QU Biochemistry
QV pharmacology > QV 752 Pharmacognosy
Divisions: Reserach Vice-Chancellar Department > Journal of Herbmed Pharmacology
Depositing User: Users 1 not found.
Date Deposited: 10 Sep 2017 10:35
Last Modified: 19 Feb 2018 06:56
URI: http://eprints.skums.ac.ir/id/eprint/4766

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