Fungicidal effect of Origanum vulgare essential oil against Candida glabrata and its cytotoxicity against macrophages

Vahedi, Ghasem. and Khosravi, Ali Reza. and Shokri, Hojjatollah. and Moosavi, Zahra. and Delirezh, Nowruz. and Sharifzadeh, Aghil. and Barin, Abbas. and Shahrokh, Somayeh. and Balal, Asad. (2015) Fungicidal effect of Origanum vulgare essential oil against Candida glabrata and its cytotoxicity against macrophages. Journal of Herbmed Pharmacology, 5.

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Abstract

<p>Introduction: Candida glabrata is a yeast fungus regularly isolated from patients with impaired immunity who receive a routine antifungal therapy. Drug-resistant strains of C. glabrata have been emerged in recent years. The aim of this study was to examine the therapeutic efficacy Origanum vulgare essential oil (OVEO) against drug-resistant strains of C. glabrata and its cytotoxic effect on macrophages.Methods: Specimens were collected from mucosal surfaces of the oral cavity of medically approved oropharyngeal candidiasis (OPC) in HIV-positive patients and volunteered healthy individuals using sterile swabs or mouthwashes. In vitro antifungal susceptibility testing was done using microdilution and disc diffusion methods. Chemical composition of OVEO was determined using gas chromatography mass spectrometry. The cytotoxic effect of essential oil on macrophages was examined using tetrazolium dye (MTT).Results: Minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) range of OVEO in healthy individuals and OPC patients was 150-200 and 150-250 &mu;g/mL, respectively. OVEO efficiently inhibited growth of resistant isolates. In isolates obtained from HIV patients, both MIC50 and MIC90 of OVEO were 200 &mu;g/mL while in healthy individuals were 150 and 200 &mu;g/mL, respectively. Moreover, OVEO induced significant reduction in proliferation of murine RAW264.7 and peritoneal macrophages in concentrations higher than 100 and 300 &mu;g/mL, respectively. Main constituents of OVEO were thymol (27.3), &gamma;-terpinene (20.7) and carvacrol (16.1).Conclusion: OVEO could be used as a fungicidal agent against fungal infections caused by azole-resistant C. glabrata. A combination therapy along with standard antifungals is suggested to avoid its cytotoxic effects.</p>

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Origanum vulgare Essential oil Candida glabrata Antifungal Oropharyngeal candidiasis
Subjects: QV pharmacology > QV 704 Pharmaceutics
QW Microbiology and Immunology
Divisions: Reserach Vice-Chancellar Department > Journal of Herbmed Pharmacology
Depositing User: zahra bagheri .
Date Deposited: 10 Sep 2017 03:36
Last Modified: 08 May 2018 04:11
URI: http://eprints.skums.ac.ir/id/eprint/4689

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