Associations between Western and Mediterranean-type dietary patterns and depression in adults in Shiraz

Kamali, Majid. and Dastsuz, Farideh. and Amanat, Sasan. and Sadeghi, Fatemeh. and Akhlaghi, Masoumeh. (2016) Associations between Western and Mediterranean-type dietary patterns and depression in adults in Shiraz. International Journal of Epidemiologic Research, 3 (2). pp. 128-137.


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Background and aims: Depression is a growing public health problem in the world. In this study we investigated the relationship between dietary patterns and depression in adults aged 20-50 years living in Shiraz, Iran. Methods: In a cross-sectional study, 416 subjects (180 men and 236 women) aged 20 to 50 years were selected by stratified multistage random sampling. Dietary intakes were assessed using a semi-quantitative food frequency questionnaire. Depression information was collected by Depression, Anxiety and Stress Scale (DASS) questionnaire. Three major dietary patterns were extracted by factor analysis: vegetable, Western, and Mediterranean-type dietary patterns. Regression analysis was used for association between dietary pattern and depression. Results: A strong positive significant association was observed between Western dietary pattern and depression. Also there was a negative significant association between Mediterranean-type dietary pattern and depression. These associations remained statistically significant even after adjustments for demographic characteristics, physical activity, smoking, body mass index, and energy intake. No association was found between vegetable dietary pattern and depression. Conclusion: The results showed that there was a relationship between dietary patterns and depression. However, clinical trials are needed to clarify whether a causal relationship between diet and mood disorders can be established.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Dietary pattern, Depression, Adults.
Subjects: WM Psychiatry
QU Biochemistry > Nutrition.vitamins
Divisions: Reserach Vice-Chancellar Department > International Journal of Epidemiologic Research
Depositing User: Users 1 not found.
Date Deposited: 05 Sep 2017 06:55
Last Modified: 19 Feb 2018 06:02

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