Specificity and sensitivity of clinical diagnosis for chronic pneumonia

Avijgan, M. (2005) Specificity and sensitivity of clinical diagnosis for chronic pneumonia. Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, 11 (5-6). pp. 1029-1037.

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Abstract

To compare clinical (non-invasive) diagnosis with bronchoscopic (invasive) diagnosis, a total of 50 patients with chronic pneumonia (sputum smear-negative for tuberculosis) were examined. Age range was 12-82 years. Sensitivity of clinical diagnosis was 100 for tuberculosis and 81.8 for lung cancer; specificity was 67.5 for tuberculosis and 89.7 for lung cancer. Clinical diagnosis was correct in 43.4 of cases suspected of tuberculosis and 69.2 of cases suspected of lung cancer. It may be reliable only for elderly women smokers. Because tuberculosis is over-diagnosed in endemic areas, bronchoscopy is strongly recommended for all cases of chronic pneumonia.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: cited By
Uncontrolled Keywords: ceftriaxone; erythromycin, adolescent; adult; aged; article; bronchoscopy; chronic disease; clinical article; controlled study; diagnostic accuracy; diagnostic value; endemic disease; female; human; intermethod comparison; lung cancer; male; non invasive procedure; pneumonia; reliability; sensitivity and specificity; smoking; sputum analysis; sputum smear; tuberculosis, Adolescent; Adult; Age Distribution; Aged; Aged, 80 and over; Bacteriological Techniques; Bronchoscopy; Child; Chronic Disease; Clinical Medicine; Diagnosis, Differential; Diagnostic Errors; Endemic Diseases; Female; Humans; Iran; Lung Neoplasms; Male; Middle Aged; Pneumonia; Sensitivity and Specificity; Sex Distribution; Smoking; Sputum; Tuberculosis, Pulmonary
Subjects: WF Respiratory System
QZ pathology-Neoplasms
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine > Department of Clinical Sciences > Department of Infectious Diseases
Depositing User: zahra bagheri .
Date Deposited: 21 Aug 2017 09:14
Last Modified: 21 Aug 2017 09:14
URI: http://eprints.skums.ac.ir/id/eprint/3454

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