In vitro studies of gadolinium-DTPA conjugated with monoclonal antibodies as cancer-specific magnetic resonance imaging contrast agents.

Shahbazi-Gahrouei, D. and Rizvi, S. and Williams, M. and Allen, B. (2002) In vitro studies of gadolinium-DTPA conjugated with monoclonal antibodies as cancer-specific magnetic resonance imaging contrast agents. Australasian physical & engineering sciences in medicine, 25 (1). pp. 31-8. ISSN 0158-9938

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Abstract

The monoclonal antibodies, 9.2.27 against human melanoma cell lines and WM53 against leukemia cell lines, were conjugated with cyclic anhydride gadolinium-diethylenetriaminepenta-acetic acid (Gd-cDTPAa) and used as tumor-specific contrast agents in magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). The data indicate that Gd-DTPA-9.2.27 in solution decreased the T1 relaxation of water protons at 7.0 Tesla (300 MHz) in direct proportion to the gadolinium concentration, and this effect was greater than in Gd-DTPA solutions. These conjugates show high specificity for melanoma and leukemia cell lines. T1 relaxation time at 7.0 Tesla, measured for the melanoma cell line (MM-138) and leukemia cell line (HL-60) after incubation at 37 degrees C for 4 hr, were significantly decreased (approximately 25%) relative to controls. The gadolinium concentration in cells and washing solutions was measured by inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectroscopy (ICP-AES). A linear relationship was observed between T1 relaxation rates and gadolinium concentrations obtained by ICP-AES. The ICP-AES results showed no gadolinium uptake in the non-targeted HT-29 colorectal cancer cells.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: magnetic resonance imaging, gadolinium, monoclonal antibody, and cancer.
Subjects: WN Radiology . Diagnostic Imaging
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine
Depositing User: Users 1 not found.
Date Deposited: 20 Aug 2017 04:49
Last Modified: 20 Aug 2017 04:49
URI: http://eprints.skums.ac.ir/id/eprint/3250

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