Empathy in Iranian medical students: A preliminary psychometric analysis and differences by gender and year of medical school

Rahimi-Madiseh, M. and Tavakol, M. and Dennick, R. and Nasiri, J. (2010) Empathy in Iranian medical students: A preliminary psychometric analysis and differences by gender and year of medical school. MEDICAL TEACHER, 32 (11). E471-E478.

[img]
Preview
Text
15.pdf

Download (306kB) | Preview

Abstract

Background: It has been well documented that effective empathic communication in the context of patient care is associated with improved health care outcomes. However, the emphasis given to empathy in medical education in Iran is limited, and the state of such teaching is unknown in many countries. Aims: To determine the psychometric properties of an Iranian translation of the Jefferson Scale of Physician Empathy (JSPE) among medical students, and to examine the differences on mean empathy scores by gender and the different years of medical school. Method: A cross-sectional study was conducted among medical students. Data analysis was based on 181 questionnaires. Principal component analysis (PCA) with Varimax rotation was used to identify the number and composition of components constituting the developed constructs. Results: The PCA yielded three factors: Compassionate care, perspective-taking, and the ability to walk in the patient's shoes. No statistically significant differences in the empathy means scores were found by gender and the different years of medical school. Conclusions: The Persian version of JSPE is a psychometrically sound instrument to measure empathy. Cultural backgrounds and pedagogical practice may influence medical students' attitudes towards empathy. Some recommendations are made, and the study limitations are discussed.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: WM Psychiatry
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine > Department of Clinical Sciences > Department of Internal Medicine
Reserach Vice-Chancellar Department
Depositing User: zahra bagheri .
Date Deposited: 19 Aug 2017 04:39
Last Modified: 19 Aug 2017 04:39
URI: http://eprints.skums.ac.ir/id/eprint/3130

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item