Carotid intima-media thickness and left ventricular hypertrophy in hemodialysis patients.

Rafieian-Kopaei, M. and Nasri, H. (2013) Carotid intima-media thickness and left ventricular hypertrophy in hemodialysis patients. Journal of renal injury prevention, 2 (4). pp. 129-32. ISSN 2345-2781

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Abstract

INTRODUCTION Two principal findings of cardiovascular disease in end-stage renal disease patients undergoing regular hemodialysis are left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) and arterial disease due to rapidly progressive atherosclerotic vascular disease that can be characterized by an enlargement and hypertrophy of arteries (intima-media complex thickening; IMT). OBJECTIVES In this study, we sought to evaluate the relationship between left ventricular hypertrophy with intima-media complex thickening in end-stage renal disease patients undergoing regular hemodialysis. PATIENTS AND METHODS Sixty-one patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) who were undergoing regular and maintenance hemodialysis treatment (F=23, M=38) were studied. The subjects consisted of 50 non-diabetic hemodialysis patients (F=20, M=30) and 11 diabetic hemodialysis patients (F=3, M=8). For all the subjects, echocardiography and carotid intima-media thickness measuring by B-mode ultrasonography were performed. RESULTS In this study, there was a positive correlation between stages of LVH with duration of hemodialysis treatment, stages of hypertension (HTN), and with carotid-IMT. A positive correlation was also seen between stages of LVH and presence of chest pain, and more thickening of the intima-media complex was seen in the diabetic group. Diabetes mellitus was associated with the presence of chest pain, as was positive correlation between stages of HTN with IMT, and a reverse correlation was observed between IMT with the percent of cardiac ejection fraction. CONCLUSION Prevalence of thickening in intima-media complex is more evident in hemodialysis subjects with LVH. When there is LVH, IMT is similar in severity to the LVH.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Hemodialysis Intima–media thickness End-stage renal disease
Subjects: WG Cardiovascular System
WJ Urogenital System
QU Biochemistry
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine > Department of Clinical Sciences > Department of Internal Medicine
Reserach Vice-Chancellar Department > Medical Plants Research Center
Depositing User: Users 1 not found.
Date Deposited: 13 Aug 2017 06:18
Last Modified: 13 Aug 2017 06:18
URI: http://eprints.skums.ac.ir/id/eprint/2842

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