The role of central oxytocin in stress-induced cardioprotection in ischemic-reperfused heart model

Moghimian, Maryam. and Faghihi, Mahdieh. and Karimian, Seyed Morteza. and Imani, AliReza. and Houshmand, Fariba. and Azizi, Yaser. (2013) The role of central oxytocin in stress-induced cardioprotection in ischemic-reperfused heart model. JOURNAL OF CARDIOLOGY, 61 (1-2). pp. 79-86.

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Abstract

Background and purpose: There is growing evidence that stress contributes to cardiovascular disease and triggers the release of oxytocin. Moreover previous studies confirmed oxytocin mimics the protection associated with ischemic preconditioning. The present study was aimed to assess the possible cardioprotective effects of the centrally released oxytocin in response to stress and intracerebroventricular (i.c.v.) administration of exogenous oxytocin in ischemic-reperfused isolated rat heart. Methods and subjects: Rats were divided in two main groups and all of them were subjected to i.c.v. infusion of vehicle or drugs: unstressed rats control: vehicle, oxytocin (OT; 100 ng/5 mu l), atosiban (ATO; 4.3 mu g/5 mu l) as oxytocin antagonist, ATO + OT] and stressed rats St: stress, OT + St, ATO + St]. After anesthesia, hearts were isolated and subjected to 30 min regional ischemia and 60 min reperfusion (IR). Acute stress protocol included swimming for 10 min before anesthesia. Myocardial function, infarct size, coronary flow, ventricular arrhythmia, and biochemical parameters such as creatine kinase and lactate dehydrogenase were measured. Ischemia-induced ventricular arrhythmias were counted during the occlusion period. Results: The plasma levels of oxytocin and corticosterone were significantly elevated by stress. Unexpectedly hearts of stressed rats showed a marked depression of IR injury compared to control group. I.c.v. infusion of oxytocin mimicked the cardioprotective effects of stress, yet did not elevate plasma oxytocin level. The protective effects of both stress and i.c.v. oxytocin were blocked by i.c.v. oxytocin antagonist. Conclusions: These findings suggest that i.c.v. infusion of exogenous oxytocin and centrally released endogenous oxytocin in response to stress could play a role in induction of a preconditioning effect in ischemic-reperfused rat heart via brain receptors. (C) 2012 Japanese College of Cardiology. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Stress; Oxytocin; Ischemia/reperfusion; Heart; Receptor
Subjects: WG Cardiovascular System
WK Endocrine System
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine > Basic Sciences Academic Groups > Department of Physiology
Depositing User: Users 1 not found.
Date Deposited: 08 Aug 2017 05:16
Last Modified: 30 Jan 2018 05:26
URI: http://eprints.skums.ac.ir/id/eprint/2575

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