Bioactive components and preventive effect of green tea (Camellia sinensis) extract on post-laparotomy intra-abdominal adhesion in rats

Parsaei, Pouya. and Karimi, Mehrdad. and Asadi, Seyed Yazdan. and Rafieian-Kopaei, Mahmoud. (2013) Bioactive components and preventive effect of green tea (Camellia sinensis) extract on post-laparotomy intra-abdominal adhesion in rats. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF SURGERY, 11 (9). pp. 811-815.


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Background: Adhesion formation is an important complication of abdomino-pelvic surgery. Green tea (Camellia sinensis) has anti-oxidant and anti-inflammatory effects which prevent production and accumulation of collagen and, thus, may reduce adhesion formation. The present study examined the effect of green tea alcoholic extract on intra-abdominal adhesion formation. Total phenolic, flavonoid and flavonol contents as well as anti-oxidant activity were also evaluated. Methods: Thirty healthy male Wistar rats were randomly assigned to two equal groups of green tea (A) and distilled water (B). After anesthesia, the abdominal wall was opened and three shallow longitudinal and transverse incisions of 2 cm in length were made on the right side of the peritoneum by scalpel blade. A 2 x 2 cm square of the left abdominal wall peritoneum was removed by surgical scissors. Green tea extract or distilled water was introduced into the abdominal cavity of each rat. The rats were sacrificed two weeks post-laparotomy and adhesion bands were scored according to severity, extent and appearance. Fibrosis and inflammation were also scored via histopathological examination. Results: There was a significant difference in mean adhesion scores between the green tea and distilled water groups (3.2 +/- 3.503 and 7.33 +/- 0.51, respectively) (p = 0.001). In terms of fibrosis (p = 0.002) and inflammation (p = 0.003) a statistically significant difference was also seen between the two groups following histopathological examination. Conclusion: Green tea extract reduces intra-peritoneal adhesions in an animal model. Crown Copyright (C) 2013 Published by Elsevier Ltd on behalf of Surgical Associates Ltd. All rights reserved.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Intra-abdominal adhesions; Green tea; Laparotomy; Rat
Subjects: WO Surgery
QV pharmacology > QV 752 Pharmacognosy
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine > Department of Clinical Sciences > Department of Surgery
Reserach Vice-Chancellar Department > Medical Plants Research Center
Depositing User: Users 1 not found.
Date Deposited: 08 Aug 2017 04:03
Last Modified: 15 Apr 2018 04:27

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