Beneficial Effects of Maprotiline in a Murine Model of Colitis in Normal and Reserpinised Depressed Rats.

Minaiyan, M. and Hajhashemi, V. and Rabbani, M. and Fattahian, E. and Mahzouni, P. (2014) Beneficial Effects of Maprotiline in a Murine Model of Colitis in Normal and Reserpinised Depressed Rats. International scholarly research notices, 2014. p. 359841. ISSN 2356-7872

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Abstract

Background. Anti-inflammatory and immunomodulatory activities have been reported for maprotiline, a strong norepinephrine reuptake inhibitor. In addition, some other antidepressant drugs have shown beneficial effects in experimental colitis. Methods. All the animals were divided into normal and depressed groups. In normal rats colitis was induced by instillation of 2 mL of 4% acetic acid and after 2 hours, maprotiline (10, 20, and 40 mg/kg, i.p.) was administered. In reserpinised depressed rats, depression was induced by injection of reserpine (6 mg/kg, i.p.), 1 h prior to colitis induction, and then treated with maprotiline (10, 20, and 40 mg/kg). Treatment continued daily for four days. Dexamethasone (1 mg/kg, i.p.) was given as a reference drug. On day five following colitis induction, animals were euthanized and distal colons were assessed macroscopically, histologically, and biochemically (assessment of myeloperoxidase activity). Results. Maprotiline significantly improved macroscopic and histologic scores and diminished myeloperoxidase activity in both normal and depressed rats while reserpine exacerbated the colonic damage. Conclusion. Our data suggests that the salutary effects of maprotiline on acetic acid colitis are probably mediated first through depressive behavioral changes that could be mediated through the brain-gut axis and second for the anti-inflammatory effect of the drug.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: WI Digestive System
WM Psychiatry
QV pharmacology > QV 704 Pharmaceutics
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine > Department of Clinical Sciences > Department of pharmacology
Depositing User: zahra bagheri .
Date Deposited: 30 Jul 2017 09:43
Last Modified: 30 Jul 2017 09:43
URI: http://eprints.skums.ac.ir/id/eprint/2505

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