Renoprotective effects of antioxidants against cisplatin nephrotoxicity.

Hajian, Sh. and Rafieian-Kopaei, M. and Nasri, H. (2014) Renoprotective effects of antioxidants against cisplatin nephrotoxicity. Journal of nephropharmacology, 3 (2). pp. 39-42. ISSN 2345-4202

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Abstract

Nephrotoxicity is the major limitation for the clinical use of cisplatin as an anti-tumoural drug. Intracellular effects of cisplatin cause tubular damage and tubular dysfunction with sodium, potassium, and magnesium wasting. Renoperotective strategies against cisplatin are classified on 8 targets: 1) Decrease of cisplatin uptake by renal cell, 2) Inhibition of cisplatin metabolism, 3) Blocking cell death pathways, 4) Cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitors, 5) Pharmacologic, molecular, and genetic blockade of p53, 6) Inhibition of specific Mitogen-activated protein kinase, 7) Antioxidants usage for renoprotection against cisplatin injury and inhibit of oxidative stress, 8) Suppress of inflammation. The oxidation reactions can produce free radicals, which start chain reactions and subsequently can cause a large number of diseases in humans. Antioxidant from natural products have attracted the physicians' attentions, nowadays. The natural product antioxidants detoxify reactive oxygen species (ROS) in kidneys, without affecting the anticancer efficacy of cisplatin. Hence, antioxidants have potential therapeutic applications.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Antioxidant; Cisplatin; Nephrotoxicity
Subjects: WJ Urogenital System
QV pharmacology
Divisions: Reserach Vice-Chancellar Department > Medical Plants Research Center
Depositing User: zahra bagheri .
Date Deposited: 06 Aug 2017 07:58
Last Modified: 06 Aug 2017 07:58
URI: http://eprints.skums.ac.ir/id/eprint/2463

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