Assessment of human errors in driving accidents; Analysis of the causes based on aberrant behaviors

Haghi, A. and Ketabi, D. and Ghanbari, M. and Rajabi, H. (2014) Assessment of human errors in driving accidents; Analysis of the causes based on aberrant behaviors. Life Science Journal, 11 (9). pp. 414-420.

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Abstract

Introduction: Today, mortalities and injuries due to traffic accidents have been confirmed as a global phenomenon. Meanwhile, mistakes and high risk behaviors by drivers, is the most important intervening factor in traffic accidents. This study is to analyze the causes of traffic accidents according to drivers' aberrant behaviors. Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted on 540 taxi drivers using Manchester Driving Behaviour Questinnaire in 0-5 Likert scale. After being gathered, the data were analyzed by SPSS 11.5 using Pearson Correlation and Logistic Regression. Findings: The mean score of aberrant driving behaviors was obtained 2.06 (± 0.47) and lapse obtained the highest score and driving mistakes did the lowest. As age advanced, the rate of aberrant behaviours declined (P = 0.006). Commitment of mistakes and offences was more prevalent in ages under 30 years compared to other age ranges and lapse in the individuals over 50 years was more prevalent compared to other items. The results of logistic regression indicated that all variables of DBQ are important in predicting Iranian drivers' aberrant behaviors (P < 0.001), but intentional offences had the highest correlation. There was an inverse correlation between driving history and intentional offences and mistakes (P < 0.001). Conclusion: According to the results, it could be said that intentional offences and lapse in driving behaviors are more predictive of self-reported accidents compared to other variables. The drivers in low ages are more willing to practice aberrant behaviors due to lack of adequate skill and experience and having intrinsic excitements. By contrast, as age advances, intentional offenses declines and the rate of lapses ascends. It seems that through provision of regular, periodic training for the drivers by occupation and creating awareness, aberrant behaviors and, by extension, traffic accidents could be effectively decreased.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: cited By 1
Uncontrolled Keywords: s: Aberrant behaviors, traffic accidents, DBQ
Subjects: WA Public Health
Divisions: Faculty of Health
Depositing User: zahra bagheri .
Date Deposited: 05 Aug 2017 03:51
Last Modified: 05 Aug 2017 03:51
URI: http://eprints.skums.ac.ir/id/eprint/2298

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