The effect of Ramadan fasting on LH, FSH, oestrogen, progesterone and leptin in pregnant women

Khoshdel, A. and Kheiri, S. and Hashemi-Dehkordi, E. and Nasiri, J. and Shabanian-Borujeni, S. and Saedi, E. (2014) The effect of Ramadan fasting on LH, FSH, oestrogen, progesterone and leptin in pregnant women. Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, 34 (7). pp. 634-638.

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Abstract

Many pregnant Muslim women fast during Ramadan. Leptin has an important role in the reproductive system and hormones. In this study, FSH, LH, oestrogen, progesterone and leptin were measured in the first, second and fourth week of Ramadan and the second week post-Ramadan, in 30 fasting pregnant women. Data were analysed using repeated measures ANOVA by SPSS. The weight and BMI did not change during the study. A significant change in FSH, oestrogen, progesterone and leptin was observed (p < 0.05). The lowest value of FSH was in the second week of Ramadan. Progesterone increased at the end of Ramadan and the second week after. Oestrogen increased significantly during Ramadan and decreased after Ramadan. A decreasing trend was seen in LH during the Ramadan and 2 weeks after (p < 0.1). Leptin decreased significantly 2 weeks after Ramadan. We found poor weight gain and hypoleptinaemia in pregnant fasted women during the study. Food restriction in pregnant fasted women during Ramadan may induce poor weight gain during pregnancy. These data confirm that Ramadan fasting by pregnant women may have potential risks during pregnancy. We recommend further study to evaluate long-term effects of Ramadan fasting during pregnancy in different countries with different food habits and traditions, to obtain reliable and documented data. © 2014 Informa UK, Ltd.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: cited By 1
Uncontrolled Keywords: estrogen; follitropin; leptin; luteinizing hormone; progesterone; estrogen; follitropin; leptin; luteinizing hormone; progesterone, adolescent; adult; Article; body mass; body weight; diet restriction; female; health hazard; human; human experiment; leptin deficiency; normal human; pregnant woman; priority journal; religion; weight gain; blood; cohort analysis; diet restriction; Islam; pregnancy; young adult, Adolescent; Adult; Cohort Studies; Estrogens; Fasting; Female; Follicle Stimulating Hormone; Humans; Islam; Leptin; Luteinizing Hormone; Pregnancy; Progesterone; Young Adult
Subjects: WK Endocrine System
WP Gynecology
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine > Basic Sciences Academic Groups > Department of Parasitology and Mycology
Faculty of Medicine > Department of Clinical Sciences > Department of Internal Medicine
Faculty of Medicine > Department of Clinical Sciences > Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Faculty of Medicine > Department of Clinical Sciences > Department of Pediatrics
Reserach Vice-Chancellar Department > Clinical Biochemistry Research Center
Depositing User: zahra bagheri .
Date Deposited: 02 Aug 2017 04:48
Last Modified: 02 Aug 2017 04:48
URI: http://eprints.skums.ac.ir/id/eprint/2218

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