The efficacy of thermotherapy and cryotherapy on pain relief in patients with acute low back pain, a clinical trial study

Dehghan, M. and Farahbod, F. (2014) The efficacy of thermotherapy and cryotherapy on pain relief in patients with acute low back pain, a clinical trial study. Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research, 8 (9). LC01-LC04.

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Abstract

Introduction: Acute low back pain is one of the most common health problems especially in industrialized countries where 75 per cent of the population develop it at least once during their life. This study examined the efficacy of thermotherapy and cryotherapy, alongside a routine pharmacologic treatment, on pain relief in patients with acute low back pain referring an orthopedic clinic in Shahrekord, Iran. Materials and Method: This clinical trial study was conducted on 87 patients randomly assigned to three (thermotherapy and cryotherapy as intervention, and naproxen as control) groups of 29 each. The first (thermotherapy) group underwent treatment with hot water bag and naproxen, the second (cryotherapy) group was treated with ice and naproxen, and the naproxen group was only treated with naproxen, all for one week. All patients were examined on 0, 3rd, 8th, and 15th day after the first visit and the data gathered by McGill Pain Questionnaire. The data were analyzed by SPSS software using paired t-test, ANOVA, and chi-square. Results: In this study, mean age of the patients was 34.48 (20–50) years and 51.72 per cent were female. Thermotherapy patients reported significantly less pain compared to cryotherapy and control (P≤0.05). In thermotherapy and cryotherapy groups, mean pain in the first visit was 12.70±3.7 and 12.06±2.6, and on the 15th day after intervention 0.75±0.37 and 2.20±2.12, respectively. Conclusion: The results indicated that the application of thermotherapy and cryotherapy accompanied with a pharmacologic treatment could relieve pain in the patients with acute low back pain. © 2014, Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research. All rights reserved.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: cited By 1
Uncontrolled Keywords: hot water; ice; naproxen, adult; analgesia; analysis of variance; Article; chi square test; clinical trial; controlled study; cryotherapy; female; human; hyperthermic therapy; low back pain; major clinical study; male; McGill Pain Questionnaire; middle aged; pain intensity; randomized controlled trial; Student t test; young adult
Subjects: WE Musculoskeletal system
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine > Department of Clinical Sciences > Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Faculty of Medicine > Department of Clinical Sciences > Department of Orthopedics
Depositing User: zahra bagheri .
Date Deposited: 01 Aug 2017 07:31
Last Modified: 01 Aug 2017 07:31
URI: http://eprints.skums.ac.ir/id/eprint/2197

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