Production, purification and titration of a lentivirus-based vector for gene delivery purposes

Nasri, Masoud. and Karimi, Ali. and Allahbakhshian Farsani, Mehdi. (2014) Production, purification and titration of a lentivirus-based vector for gene delivery purposes. Cytotechnology, 66 (6). pp. 1031-1038.

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Abstract

Viral vectors are valuable tools to deliver genetic materials into cells. Vectors derived from human immunodeficiency virus type 1 are being widely used for gene delivery, mainly because they are able to transduce both dividing and non-dividing cells which leads to stable and long term gene expression. In addition, these types of vectors are safe, with low toxicity, high stability and cell type specificity. Therefore, this work was aimed to produce lentivirus-based vector using a three-plasmid system. To produce this system, the eGFP marker gene was cloned into the plasmid pWPXLd. Subsequently, this vector plasmid, along with packaging plasmids, psPAX2 and envelope plasmid, pMD2.G, was co-transfected into packaging cell line (293T) using calcium phosphate method. 48 h post transfection, the constructed viral vector was harvested, purified and concentrated and stored at −80 °C for next experiments. The titration of the vector was carried out, using ELISA, flowcytometry, and fluorescent microscopy. Finally, transduction of HEK-293T, CHO, HepG2, MCF-7, MEFs and Jurkat cell lines was carried out with indicated cell numbers and multiplicities of infections of the vector in the presence of polybrene. Using this system, high titer lentivirus at titers of up to 2 × 108 transducing units/ml (TU/ml) was successfully generated and its transduction efficacy was improved by seven to over 20-fold in various cell types. We demonstrate the applicability of this vector for the efficient transduction of dividing and non-dividing cells, including HEK-293T, CHO, HepG2, MCF-7, MEFs and Jurkat cell line. Transduction efficiency yielded titers of (6.3 ± 1.2) 105 TU/ml. Furthermore, lentivirus transferred transgene was expressed at high level in the target cells and expression was followed until 90 days after transduction. Thus, the vector generated in this work, might be able to deliver the transgene into a wide range of mammalian cells. © 2014, Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: cited By 12
Uncontrolled Keywords: Lentivirus-based vector Transfection Transduction
Subjects: QU Biochemistry
Divisions: Reserach Vice-Chancellar Department > Medical Plants Research Center
Depositing User: zahra bagheri .
Date Deposited: 01 Aug 2017 03:16
Last Modified: 30 May 2018 08:25
URI: http://eprints.skums.ac.ir/id/eprint/2138

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