Is Topical Zinc Effective in the Treatment of Melasma? A Double-Blind Randomized Comparative Study

Yousefi, Alireza. and Khani Khoozani, Zahra. and Zakerzadeh Forooshani, Saeed. and Omrani, Nooshin. and Moini, Amir Mansoor. and Eskandari, Yasaman. (2014) Is Topical Zinc Effective in the Treatment of Melasma? A Double-Blind Randomized Comparative Study. DERMATOLOGIC SURGERY, 40 (1). pp. 33-37.

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Abstract

Background and ObjectivesZinc plays a role in skin health, and preliminary data have shown its beneficial effects for melasma. We compared the effect of topical zinc with that of hydroquinone as the standard treatment on severity of melasma. Patients and MethodsNinety-three women with melasma were randomized to receive zinc sulfate 10% or hydroquinone 4% solutions once daily for 2months. They were followed for an additional 3months while using sunscreen. The severity of melasma was assessed at baseline and at 2 and 5months using the Melasma Area and Severity Index (MASI). ResultsEighty-two patients completed the study. The MASI score fell significantly in both groups, but a greater decrease was seen in those who received hydroquinone (43.515.5% vs 18.6 +/- 20.8%, p<.001). Postinflammatory pigmentation occurred in 5.2% of the zinc group and irritation in 30.9% of the hydroquinone group. ConclusionTopical zinc therapy is not highly effective in reducing the severity of melasma, but further trials are needed to determine whether adding zinc to current topical treatments could improve treatment response.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: WR Dermatology
QU Biochemistry
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine > School of Medicine
Depositing User: zahra bagheri .
Date Deposited: 31 Jul 2017 09:49
Last Modified: 07 Mar 2018 07:06
URI: http://eprints.skums.ac.ir/id/eprint/2135

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