A randomized field trial for the primary prevention of osteoporosis among adolescent females: Comparison of two methods, mother centered and daughter centered

Ansari, H. and Farajzadegan, Z. and Hajigholami, A. and Paknahad, Z. (2014) A randomized field trial for the primary prevention of osteoporosis among adolescent females: Comparison of two methods, mother centered and daughter centered. JOURNAL OF RESEARCH IN MEDICAL SCIENCES, 19 (8). pp. 746-752.

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Abstract

Background: Osteoporosis is a serious public health. Since the majority of bone mass occurs during adolescence, primary prevention is important. Probably mother's participation in health education interventions leads to promote health behaviors in children. Aims: To assess a lifestyle modification intervention focused on mothers and students has an impact on osteoporosis preventive behaviors in adolescent girls. Materials and Methods: It is a randomized field trial in female high schools. 210 girls aged between 11 and 15 were randomly selected. Students in groups A and C and mothers in group B were selected Through the sampling frame. Our lifestyle modification was based on group based education in the public girls' high schools. Subjects in the intervention groups participated in three educational sessions. Students' osteoporosis preventive behaviors were measured by using a lifestyle questionnaire consisting of items assessing nutrition, physical activity and sun exposure. Repeated measure ANOVA at baseline, 4 week, 2 months and 6 months and were used to analyze the data. Results: After 1 month, diet and sun exposure scores increased significantly (P < 0.001) but it was higher in group B compared with group A. (About diet P < 0.001 and sun exposure = 0. 001). After 6 months, diet and sun exposure status in the group A approximately decreased to baseline, while in group B, diet components were significantly different compared to baseline (P < 0.001). There was no change in physical activity. Conclusion: Osteoporosis prevention intervention of adolescent can be effective when parents or girls participate in training sessions, but education is associated with better outcomes when focused on mothers.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Community intervention; daughter centered; lifestyle; mother centered; osteoporosis; primary prevention
Subjects: WE Musculoskeletal system
WP Gynecology
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine > Department of Clinical Sciences > department of hematology and ancology
Depositing User: zahra bagheri .
Date Deposited: 30 Jul 2017 09:54
Last Modified: 30 Jul 2017 09:54
URI: http://eprints.skums.ac.ir/id/eprint/2077

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