Relationship between risk factors and in-hospital mortality due to myocardial infarction by educational level: a national prospective study in Iran

Ahmadi, Ali and Khaledifar, Arsalan and Sajjadi, Homeira and Soori, Hamid (2014) Relationship between risk factors and in-hospital mortality due to myocardial infarction by educational level: a national prospective study in Iran. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL FOR EQUITY IN HEALTH, 13.

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Abstract

Introduction: Since no hospital-based, nationwide study has been yet conducted on the association between risk factors and in-hospital mortality due to myocardial infarction (MI) by educational level in Iran, the present study was conducted to investigate relationship between risk factors and in-hospital mortality due to MI by educational level. Methods: In this nationwide hospital-based, prospective analysis, follow-up duration was from definite diagnosis of MI to death. The cohort of the patients was defined in view of the date at diagnosis, hospitalization and the date at discharge (recovery or in-hospital death due to MI). 20750 patients hospitalized for newly diagnosed MI between April, 2012 and March, 2013 comprised sample size. Totally, 2511 deaths due to MI were obtained. The data on education level (four-level) were collected based on years of schooling. To determine in-hospital mortality rate and the associated factors with mortality, seven statistical models were developed using Cox proportional hazards models. Results: Of the studied patients, 9611 (6.1%) had no education. in-hospital mortality rate was 8.36 (95% CI: 7.81-8.9) in women and 6.12 (95% CI: 5.83-6.43) in men per 100 person-years. This rate was 5.56 in under 65-year-old patients and 8.37 in over 65-year-old patients. This rate in the patients with no, primary, high school, and academic education was respectively 8.11, 6.11, 4.85 and 5.81 per 100 person-years. Being woman, chest pain prior to arriving in hospital, lack of thrombolytic therapy, right bundle branch block, ventricular tachycardia, smoking and ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction were significantly associated with increased hazard ratio (HR) of death. The adjusted HR of mortality was 1.27 (95% CI: 1.06-1.52), 0.93 (95% CI: 0.77-1.13), 0.72 (95% CI: 0.57-0.91) and 0.82 (95% CI: 0.66-1.01) in the patients with respectively illiterate, primary, secondary and high school education compared to academic education. Conclusion: A disparity was noted in post-MI mortality incidence in different educational levels in Iran. HR of death was higher in illiterate patients than in the patients with academic education. Identifying disparities per educational level could contribute to detecting the individuals at high risk, health promotion and care improvement by relevant planning and interventions in clinics and communities.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Myocardial infarction; Educational level; In-hospital mortality; Risk factor; Iran
Subjects: WA Public Health > WA. 900 Vital Statistics
WG Cardiovascular System
Divisions: Faculty of Health > Department of Epidemiology
Faculty of Medicine > Department of Clinical Sciences > Department of Cardiology
Depositing User: zahra bagheri .
Date Deposited: 30 Jul 2017 05:38
Last Modified: 30 Jul 2017 05:38
URI: http://eprints.skums.ac.ir/id/eprint/2045

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