Review on phytochemistry, therapeutic and pharmacological effects of myrtus (Myrtus communis)

Baharvand-Ahmadi, Babak. and Bahmani, Mahmoud. and Naghdi, Nasrollah. and Saki, Kourosh. and Baharvand-Ahmadi, Sara. and Rafieian-Kopaei, Mahmoud. (2015) Review on phytochemistry, therapeutic and pharmacological effects of myrtus (Myrtus communis). Der Pharmacia Lettre, 7 (11). pp. 160-165.


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The scientific name of Myrtle is Myrtus communis which widely used as a medicinal plant and herbal medicine. The extracts and essential oils of this medicinal plant contain special multiple pharmacological effects. Mort plants in traditional medicine used for wide ranges of disorders such as urinary tract infections, digestive problems, bronchitis, sinusitis, dry cough, neurological problems (epilepsy), hemorrhoids, pyorrhoea, rheumatic pain, bloating, diarrhea, dysentery, hemorrhoids, interal wounds, rheumatism, inflammatory, bacterial infections, edema, spasm, depression, fungy, blood sugar, cough, chest pain and pain. The also are used as stimulant, tonic stomach and anti-parasites. Current studies mentioned the antimicrobial, antioxidant, anti-diabetic, analgesic, pesticide, hepatoprotective, anti-genotoxicity effects of myrtus. The essential oil mixtures contain cineole, myrtenole, pinene, geraniol, linalool, camphene, tannins, as well as oleic, linoleic, palmitic and citric acids and various sugars, which their therapeutic effects are probably due to these compounds. Discovering the different effects of this plant is important to produce effective natural remedies.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: cited By 37
Uncontrolled Keywords: camphene; cineole; citric acid; essential oil; geraniol; linalool; linoleic acid; myrtenole; Myrtus communis extract; oleic acid; palmitic acid; pinene; plant medicinal product; tannin derivative; unclassified drug, analgesic activity; antibacterial activity; antidiabetic activity; antigenotoxicity activity; antioxidant activity; antiparasitic activity; Article; bacterial infection; bloating; bronchitis; chemical composition; coughing; depression; diarrhea; digestive system disease; drug activity; drug determination; dysentery; edema; epilepsy; hemorrhoid; human; inflammation; liver protection; muscle spasm; nonhuman; pain; pest control; phytochemistry; rheumatic disease; sinusitis; thorax pain; treatment indication; urinary tract infection
Subjects: QV pharmacology > QV 752 Pharmacognosy
Divisions: Reserach Vice-Chancellar Department > Medical Plants Research Center
Depositing User: Users 1 not found.
Date Deposited: 30 Jul 2017 04:53
Last Modified: 29 May 2018 04:45

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