An evaluation the effect of glycyrrhetinic and glycyrrhizic acids derived from licorice extract on gastric cancer cell lines

Mehdinejadiani, Kobra. and shirzad, Hedayatollah. and Fakhari, Shohreh. and Jalili, Ali. (2015) An evaluation the effect of glycyrrhetinic and glycyrrhizic acids derived from licorice extract on gastric cancer cell lines. Journal of Babol University of Medical Sciences, 17 (9). pp. 53-59.

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Abstract

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Gastric cancer is the second most prevalent carcinogenic disease and surgery, chemotherapy and radiation are its principal treatment modalities. However, in most cases, poor response to treatment and adverse side effects are observed regarding these modalities. Given the lack of response to treatment and growing rates of gastric cancer, researchers are trying to come up with more efficient treatments with fewer side effects. In the traditional medicine, licorice has been suggested as a cancer treatment considering its high antioxidant properties and few side effects. This study aimed to evaluate the effect of licorice extract on gastric cancer cell lines. METHODS: In this experimental study, adenocarcinoma gastric cell lines were prepared from cell bank and were cultured. After passage, the cells were transferred into a 96-well plate. In each well, approximately 2,000 cells in RPMI-1640 culture medium with FBS (10%) were placed. The cells were repeatedly exposed to different concentrations of Glycyrrhetinic acid (0, 1, 10 and100.1 μM) and Glycyrrhizic acid (10, 1, 100 and 0.1 μM) for 24 and 48 hours. Finally, the obtained results of the experimental and control groups were compared with each other. FINDINGS: According to our results, the toxic effect of Glycyrrhetinic and Glycyrrhizic acids is dose and time dependent. In 24 hours, the mean optical density (MOD) in 100 μM concentration of Glycyrrhetinic acid was 0.41±0.02 and 0.79±0.04 in the experimental and control groups, respectively (p=0.0002). After 48 hours, MOD was 0.16±0.004 and 1.749±0.24 in the experimental and control groups, respectively (p=0.0003). Moreover, the MOD of 100 μM concentration of Glycyrrhizic acid was 0.78±0.53 and 2.09±0.49 in the experimental and control groups in 48 hours. There was a significant difference between the experimental and control groups (p=0.035). CONCLUSION: The results of this study demonstrated that the licorice compounds have a toxic effect on carcinogenic cells. Therefore, it is recommended to perform more study on both Glycyrrhizic and Glycyrrhizic acids as effective compounds on gastric cancer treatment

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: cited By 1
Uncontrolled Keywords: glycyrrhetinic acid; Glycyrrhiza extract; glycyrrhizic acid; plant extract, antioxidant activity; Article; controlled study; drug effect; experimental study; gastric cancer cell line; Glycyrrhiza; human; human cell; optical density; stomach cancer
Subjects: WI Digestive System
QZ pathology-Neoplasms
QV pharmacology > QV 752 Pharmacognosy
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine > Basic Sciences Academic Groups > Department of Immunology
Reserach Vice-Chancellar Department > Cellular and Molecular Research Center
Depositing User: zahra bagheri .
Date Deposited: 29 Jul 2017 05:55
Last Modified: 04 Mar 2018 05:00
URI: http://eprints.skums.ac.ir/id/eprint/1932

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