The role of Th1 and Th17 cells in glomerulonephritis.

Azadegan-Dehkordi, Fatemeh. and Bagheri, Nader. and shirzad, Hedayatollah. and Rafieian-Kopaei, Mahmoud. (2015) The role of Th1 and Th17 cells in glomerulonephritis. Journal of nephropathology, 4 (2). pp. 32-7. ISSN 2251-8363

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Abstract

CONTEXT T helper (Th) cells as an important part of the immune is responsible for elimination of invading pathogens. But, if Th cell responses are not regulated effectively, the autoimmune diseases might develop. The Th17 subset usually produces interleukin-17A which in experimental models of organ-specific autoimmune inflammation is very important. EVIDENCE ACQUISITIONS Directory of open access journals (DOAJ), Google Scholar, Embase, Scopus, PubMed and Web of Science have been searched. RESULTS Fifty-six articles were found and searched. In the present review article, we tried to summarize the recently published data about characteristics and role of Th1 and Th17 cells and discuss in detail, the potential role of these T helpers immune responses in renal inflammation and renal injury, focusing on glomerulonephritis. Published papers in animal and human studies indicated that autoimmune diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis and multiple sclerosis, classically believed to be Th1-mediated, are mainly derived from a Th17 immune response. Identification of the Th17 subgroup has explained seemingly paradoxical observations and improved our understanding of immune-mediated inflammatory responses. CONCLUSIONS Secretion of IL-17A, as well as IL-17F, IL-21, IL-22, suggests that Th17 subset may play a crucial role as a pleiotropic pro-inflammatory Th subset. There is experimental evidence to support the notion that Th1 and Th17 cells contribute to kidney injury in renal inflammatory diseases like glomerulonephritis.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Renal injury Glomerulonephritis Chronic kidney disease Autoimmune disease
Subjects: QU Biochemistry
Divisions: Reserach Vice-Chancellar Department > Cellular and Molecular Research Center
Reserach Vice-Chancellar Department > Medical Plants Research Center
Depositing User: Users 1 not found.
Date Deposited: 25 Jul 2017 10:37
Last Modified: 30 Jan 2018 08:33
URI: http://eprints.skums.ac.ir/id/eprint/1775

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