Effect of silymarin in the prevention of Cisplatin nephrotoxicity, a clinical trial study.

Momeni, A. and Hajigholami, A. and Geshnizjani, Sh. and Kheiri, S. (2015) Effect of silymarin in the prevention of Cisplatin nephrotoxicity, a clinical trial study. Journal of clinical and diagnostic research : JCDR, 9 (4). OC11-3. ISSN 2249-782X

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Abstract

BACKGROUND Reno-protective effect of Silymarin was studied in some studies mainly on rats. In some of these studies, Silymarin was shown to have positive effects on preventing or decreasing severity of Cisplatin nephrotoxicity. OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to evaluate the protective effect of Silymarin on Cisplatin nephrotoxicity in adult patients with malignancy. MATERIALS AND METHODS In this clinical trial study, 60 patients with malignancy, candidate of Cisplatin treatment were randomly enrolled in two equal groups. In patients of case group, Silymarin tablet 140 mg/bid was administrated seven days before Cisplatin administration together with Cisplatin, and in control group, Cisplatin was prescribed. Blood Urea Nitrogen (BUN) and serum Creatinine (Cr) were checked at the same day and 3 and 7 days after administration of Cisplatin. RESULTS Mean age of the patients in case and control groups were 51.1±14.3 y and 51.1±13.7 y respectively (p=0.99). There was no significant difference based on BUN and serum Cr in the beginning of study and three days after administration of Cisplatin in two groups of patients; however, after two weeks, BUN and serum Cr were significantly lower in the case group compared to the control group. Also, in the case group, BUN and serum Cr decreased and in the control group, they increased after two weeks after Cisplatin administration. CONCLUSION This study showed that Silymarin can decrease Cisplatin nephrotoxicity, so because of safety profile and minor adverse effect of Silymarin, we can use it as prophylaxis against Cisplatin nephrotoxicity in various Cisplatin-contained chemotherapy regimens.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Malignancy; Prophylaxis; Renal failure
Subjects: WJ Urogenital System
QV pharmacology > QV 704 Pharmaceutics
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine > Department of Clinical Sciences > Department of Internal Medicine
Faculty of Medicine > Department of Clinical Sciences > Department of Urology
Faculty of Paramedical > Department of hematology
Reserach Vice-Chancellar Department > Clinical Biochemistry Research Center
Depositing User: zahra bagheri .
Date Deposited: 26 Jul 2017 03:18
Last Modified: 26 Jul 2017 03:18
URI: http://eprints.skums.ac.ir/id/eprint/1763

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