Effect of Rheum Ribes Hydro-Alcoholic Extract on Memory Impairments in Rat Model of Alzheimer's Disease.

Zahedi, Maryam. and Hojjati, Mohammad reza. and Fathpour, Hossein. and Rabiei, Zahra. and Alibabaei, Zahra. and Basim, Arezoo. (2015) Effect of Rheum Ribes Hydro-Alcoholic Extract on Memory Impairments in Rat Model of Alzheimer's Disease. Iranian journal of pharmaceutical research : IJPR, 14 (4). pp. 1197-206. ISSN 1735-0328

[img]
Preview
Text
81.pdf

Download (748kB) | Preview

Abstract

Some animal models have been used to study Alzheimer's disease (AD). AD is an irreversible progressive neurodegenerative disease and the most common cause of dementia. Animal studies have shown that there is a relation between decrease in cholinergic functions in the nucleus basalis of Meynert (NBM) and loss of learning capability and memory. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of Rheum ribes extract (RR) on memory deficit in one of the rat models of AD. Plant (1500gr) was collected from Saman (kahkesh) region of Chaharmahal Va Bakhtiari province in Iran. RR hydro-alcoholic extracts were prepared using maceration method. Rat model of Alzheimer was induced by Nucleus Basalis of Meynert lesions (NBML). Animals (n = 32) received extracts for 20 days and then passive avoidance and Morris water maze tasks were performed for memory evaluation. FRAP and HPLC methods were used for measurement of the antioxidant and Malondialdehyde (MDA) levels in blood. In water maze experiment, probe trial results showed that NBML group spent significantly less time in target quadrant, in which the platform was located on the preceding day. In addition, the time spent in target quadrant was significantly increased in NBML + RR groups (250 and 500 mg/kg) compared to the NBML group. In passive avoidance task, mean initial latency time and step-though latency were significantly decreased in NBML group. RR extracts significantly prolonged step-through latency in NBML + RR groups. Results of this study suggest that Rheum ribes extracts can improve memory deficits induced by bilateral NBM lesions in rats.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: WM Psychiatry
QV pharmacology > QV 752 Pharmacognosy
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine > Basic Sciences Academic Groups > Department of Physiology
Depositing User: zahra bagheri .
Date Deposited: 23 Jul 2017 09:48
Last Modified: 07 Mar 2018 06:43
URI: http://eprints.skums.ac.ir/id/eprint/1693

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item