Comparison of direct and indirect methods of teaching breast self-examination - Influence on knowledge and attitudes of Iranian nursing and midwifery personnel

Shahbazi, S. and Heidari, M. and Ghafourifard, M. (2017) Comparison of direct and indirect methods of teaching breast self-examination - Influence on knowledge and attitudes of Iranian nursing and midwifery personnel. Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention, 18 (4). pp. 1157-1162.

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Abstract

Breast cancer is the most common cancer in women. Monthly breast self-examination (BSE) has been presented as one of the best screening methods available. The aim of this study was to compare effects of both direct and indirect methods of teaching of BSE on knowledge and attitudes of nursing and midwifery personnel. Materials and Methods: The present study was performed on 89 nursing and midwifery personnel in Valiasr hospital of Borujen city. Participants were randomly divided into a direct and an indirect training group. Researcher-designed BSE knowledge and attitude and demographic information questionnaires were used for data collection. Results: Before the education intervention, the mean levels of knowledge and attitude were 9.82±2.79 and 56.5±6.21 in the direct training group and 9.59±2.71 and 54.5±4.51 in the indirect training group; after the intervention, they reached 19.2±0.96 and 62.9±4.21, and 11.0±2.58 and 59.0±3.44, respectively. The difference in the mean levels of knowledge and attitude were significantly higher in the direct training group post intervention (P<0.05). Conclusion: It appears that educational planners and hospital personnel education officials should seek to teach aspects of crucial health behavior to female personnel using cooperative and direct training methods.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: cited By 0
Uncontrolled Keywords: Breast cancer, Education, Health personnel, Screening method
Subjects: WP Gynecology
Divisions: Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery > Department of Midwifery
Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery > Department of Nursing - Medical Surgical
Depositing User: zahra bagheri .
Date Deposited: 21 Jun 2017 04:40
Last Modified: 21 Jun 2017 04:40
URI: http://eprints.skums.ac.ir/id/eprint/164

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