Complementary and alternative therapies to relieve labor pain: A comparative study between music therapy and Hoku point ice massage

Safdari Dehcheshmeh, F. and Rafiei, H. (2015) Complementary and alternative therapies to relieve labor pain: A comparative study between music therapy and Hoku point ice massage. COMPLEMENTARY THERAPIES IN CLINICAL PRACTICE, 21 (4). pp. 229-232.

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Abstract

Background & aim: Pain is a common experience for women during labor. In the present study, we compared the effect of two types of non-pharmacological pain relief methods ``music therapy'' and ``Hoku point ice massage'' on the severity of labor pain. Methods: This prospective, randomized, controlled trial was conducted in Shahrekord, Iran, from September 2013 to June 2014. We randomly assigned 90 primiparous women who expected a normal childbirth into three groups: group ``A'' received music therapy, group ``B'' received Hoku point ice massage, and group ``C'' received usual labor care. At the beginning of the active phase (4 cm cervical dilation) and before and after each intervention (at dilations 4, 6, and 8 cm), the intensities of labor pain were measured using Visual Analogue Scale (VAS). Results: At the beginning of the active phase, the mean VAS scores were 5.58 +/- 1.29, 5.42 +/- 1.31, and 6.13 +/- 1.37 in the women in groups ``A,'' ``B,'' and ``C,'' respectively (P > 0.05). After the intervention, the mean pain scores were significantly lower at all of the time points in groups ``A'' and ``B'' than in group ``C'' women ( P < 0.05). Although the pain scores showed a more decreasing trend after the intervention in group ``A'' than that in group ``B,'' the difference between the two groups was not statistically significant (P > 0.05). Conclusions: Music therapy and Hoku point ice massage are easily available and inexpensive methods and have a similar effect in relieving labor pain. (C) 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Complementary therapies; Alternative therapies; Pain severity; Primiparous women; Music; Massage
Subjects: WM Psychiatry
WQ Obstetrics
Divisions: Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery > Department of Midwifery
Depositing User: zahra bagheri .
Date Deposited: 19 Jul 2017 05:49
Last Modified: 19 Jul 2017 05:49
URI: http://eprints.skums.ac.ir/id/eprint/1575

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