Dyslipidemia Prevalence in Iranian Adult Men: The Impact of Population-Based Screening on the Detection of Undiagnosed Patients

Mohammadbeigi, Abolfazl. and Moshiri, Esamil. and Mohammadsalehi, Narges. and Ansari, Hossein. and Ahmadi, Ali. (2015) Dyslipidemia Prevalence in Iranian Adult Men: The Impact of Population-Based Screening on the Detection of Undiagnosed Patients. WORLD JOURNAL OF MENS HEALTH, 33 (3). pp. 167-173.

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Abstract

Purpose: Dyslipidemia has been established as one of the most important modifiable risk factors for cardiovascular disease. Due to the higher prevalence of dyslipidemia in males, this study aimed to estimate the prevalence of dyslipidemia in Iranian urban men. Materials and Methods: A screening program was conducted in 845 Iranian men 25 years of age and older in 2014. A health interview survey was conducted to evaluate the prevalence of self-reported dyslipidemia and to collect demographic data, as well as serum lipid profile screening by a reference laboratory. Lipoprotein levels was categorized based on the Adult Treatment Panel III criteria and the data were analyzed using the chi-square test and analysis of variance. Results: The overall prevalence of dyslipidemia was 51.8%, and the prevalence of various forms of dyslipidemia was as follows: hypercholesterolemia (>= 240 mg/dL), 11.4%; hyper-low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (>= 160 mg/dL), 9.6%; hypertriglyceridemia (>= 200 mg/dL), 25%; and hypo-high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol (<40 mg/dL), 34.3%. With the exception of hypo-HDL, all forms of dyslipidemia were significantly less common in men over 65 years of age ( p<0.05). Conclusions: The prevalence of hypo-HDL and hypertriglyceridemia was higher than expected in Iranian adult men, with half of men 25 years of age and older affected by at least one form of dyslipidemia. A large gap in primary and secondary care was observed, because nearly 80% of patients with dyslipidemia were unaware of their status. Urgent preventive programs and lifestyle changes are necessary to reduce the prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Dyslipidemia; Hypercholesterolemia; Hypertriglyceridemia; Male; Metabolic diseases
Subjects: WD Nutrition Disease and metabolic diseases
QU Biochemistry
Divisions: Faculty of Health > Department of Epidemiology
Reserach Vice-Chancellar Department > Modeling in Health Research Center
Depositing User: zahra bagheri .
Date Deposited: 19 Jul 2017 04:42
Last Modified: 25 Feb 2018 08:58
URI: http://eprints.skums.ac.ir/id/eprint/1566

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