Effect of folic acid on homocysteine and insulin resistance of overweight and obese children and adolescents.

Hashemi Dehkordi, E. and Sedehi, M. and Gholipour Shahraki, Z. and Najafi, R. (2016) Effect of folic acid on homocysteine and insulin resistance of overweight and obese children and adolescents. Advanced biomedical research, 5. p. 88. ISSN 2277-9175

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Abstract

BACKGROUND Considering the increasing trend of childhood obesity and subsequent burden of the disease in Iran and other countries and importance of early life intervention for achieving sustained effect on health of children and adolescents, this study aimed to investigate the effect of two different dose of folic acid on homocysteine (Hcy) level and insulin resistance of obese children. MATERIALS AND METHODS In this randomized, double-blind controlled clinical trial study, 60 obese and overweight children aged 5-12 years were enrolled. Selected obese children randomly allocated in two interventional (1 mg/day folic acid and 5 mg/day folic acid, for 8 weeks) and one control groups. Biochemical measurements including folic acid, Hcy, insulin and insulin resistance were measured between and within groups before and after trial. RESULTS In each group, 20 obese children were studied. The three groups were age and sex matched. After folic acid administration, mean of Hcy, insulin resistance and insulin decreased significantly in two groups which folic acid administrated with two different doses (P < 0.05). The reduction in studied biochemical variables was similar in two interventional groups (1 and 5 mg folic acid daily) (P > 0.05). Mean differences for Hcy, insulin resistance and insulin, in two intervention groups were significantly higher than the control group (P < 0.0001). Mean differences of Hcy, insulin resistance and insulin, in two intervention groups were not different significantly (P > 0.05). CONCLUSION The findings of current trial showed that folic acid in two studied doses could be a safe and effective supplement for obese children to reduce Hcy level and insulin resistance, which consequently could prevent obesity-related complications including cardiovascular and metabolic disorders.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Children; folic acid; homocysteine; insulin resistance; obese; overweight
Subjects: WS Pediatrics
QU Biochemistry
Divisions: Faculty of Health > Department of Epidemiology
Depositing User: zahra bagheri .
Date Deposited: 17 Jul 2017 09:39
Last Modified: 17 Jul 2017 09:39
URI: http://eprints.skums.ac.ir/id/eprint/1429

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