Molecular identification of Enterocytozoon bieneusi and Encephalitozoon spp. in immunodeficient patients in Ahvaz, Southwest of Iran

Tavalla, Mehdi. and Mardani-Kateki, Masoumeh. and Abdizadeh, Rahman. and Nashibi, Roohangiz. and Rafie, Abdollah. and Khademvatan, Shahram. (2017) Molecular identification of Enterocytozoon bieneusi and Encephalitozoon spp. in immunodeficient patients in Ahvaz, Southwest of Iran. Acta Tropica, 172. pp. 107-112.

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Abstract

Microsporidia are often considered as an opportunistic infection in patients with impaired immune systems such as transplant recipients and patients with acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS). Due to the increasing prevalence of parasitic infections and immunodeficiency diseases; the aim of the study is to evaluate molecular identification of Enterocytozoon bieneusi and Encephalitozoon spp. in immunodeficient patients in Ahvaz, southwest of Iran. At first, 310 stool samples were collected from patients with immunodeficiency. The specimens were stained by modified trichrome (weber) and were examined microscopically. The extracted DNA samples were evaluated by multiplex/nested PCR method. The products of multiplex/nested PCR were explored by RFLP method using the restriction enzyme of Mnl1. Of 310, 93 samples were suspected positive for microsporidia by the staining. Also, of 310, 88 samples were positive by the multiplex/nested-PCR test that 62 samples were positive for E. bieneusi as well as 26 were detected as Encephalitozoon species that including 3 E. cuniculi, 19 E. intestinalis and 4 E. hellem. Of 62 E. bieneusi, 45, 16 and 1 were detected as genotype D, M and WL11, respectively. Also, Of 3 E. cuniculi, 1 and 2 cases were identified as genotype I and II, respectively. All E. hellem samples were included genotype 1A. Our findings revealed a relatively high prevalence of microsporidia species in immunodeficient patients. The highest risk of this infection is at individuals with impaired immune systems that it can be life-threatening in people with immune system dysfunction. It is essential that the high-risk people should be receiving the information about the risk of direct contact with infected individuals and animals

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: cited By 0
Uncontrolled Keywords: Ahvaz, Encephalitozoon spp., Enterocytozoon bieneusi ,Immunodeficiency, Iran, Microsporidia
Subjects: QW Microbiology and Immunology
QX Parasitology
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine > Basic Sciences Academic Groups > Department of Parasitology and Mycology
Depositing User: zahra bagheri .
Date Deposited: 19 Jun 2017 05:07
Last Modified: 08 May 2018 09:41
URI: http://eprints.skums.ac.ir/id/eprint/135

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