Nephroprotective and Anti-Inflammatory Effects of Pistacia atlantica Leaf Hydroethanolic Extract Against Gentamicin-Induced Nephrotoxicity in Rats

Heidarian, E. and Jafari-Dehkordi, E. and Valipour, P. and Ghatreh-Samani, K. and Ashrafi-Eshkaftaki, L. (2017) Nephroprotective and Anti-Inflammatory Effects of Pistacia atlantica Leaf Hydroethanolic Extract Against Gentamicin-Induced Nephrotoxicity in Rats. Journal of Dietary Supplements, 14 (5). pp. 489-502.

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Abstract

Gentamicin in overdose can lead to tubular injury and kidney dysfunction. Some antioxidants can protect kidneys against nephrotoxicity. This study was undertaken to evaluate the protective effects of Pistacia atlantica (P. atlantica) leaf hydroethanolic extract against gentamicin-induced nephrotoxicity in rats. Forty rats were divided into five groups: the first group received a daily intraperitoneal (i.p.) injection of normal saline. The second group received gentamicin (120 mg/kg, i.p.). The third, fourth, and fifth groups were orally treated with 200, 400, and 800 mg/kg of P. atlantica leaf hydroethanolic extract, respectively, and they also received gentamicin (120 mg/kg, i.p.). After seven days, serum malondialdehyde (MDA), creatinine (Cr), urea, uric acid, lipids profile, protein carbonyl (PC), and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) were determined. Also, a piece of kidney was used to determine catalase (CAT) and superoxide dismutase (SOD) activities, vitamin C, the gene expression of TNF-α, and for subsequent histopathological studies. Treatment with P. atlantica leaf hydroethanolic extract resulted in a significant increase (p < 0.05) in CAT, SOD, vitamin C, and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, and significantly decreased (p < 0.05) the levels of Cr, urea, uric acid, MDA, PC, triglyceride, total cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, very low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, TNF-α protein, and the gene expression of TNF-α compared with the untreated group. Histopathological studies show that in lymphocyte infiltration, remarkable reduction was observed in P. atlantica leaf hydroethanolic extract-treated groups, compared with the untreated group. The present study suggests that P. atlantica leaf hydroethanolic extract has protective effects against gentamicin-induced nephrotoxicity

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: cited By 0
Uncontrolled Keywords: anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, gentamicin, nephrotoxicity, oxidative stress, Pistacia atlantica
Subjects: QU Biochemistry
QV pharmacology > QV 752 Pharmacognosy
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine > Department of Clinical Sciences > Department of Internal Medicine
Reserach Vice-Chancellar Department > Cellular and Molecular Research Center
Reserach Vice-Chancellar Department > Clinical Biochemistry Research Center
Reserach Vice-Chancellar Department > Medical Plants Research Center
Depositing User: zahra bagheri .
Date Deposited: 19 Jun 2017 05:36
Last Modified: 19 Jun 2017 07:46
URI: http://eprints.skums.ac.ir/id/eprint/133

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