An ethnobotanical study of medicinal plants with narcotic, sedative and analgesic effects in west of Iran

Saki, Kourosh. and Bahmani, Mahmoud. and Rafieian Kopaei, Mahmoud. and Asadollahi, Khashayar. and Emaneini, Mohammad. and Taherikalani, Morovat. (2016) An ethnobotanical study of medicinal plants with narcotic, sedative and analgesic effects in west of Iran. Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents, 30 (3). pp. 807-810.

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Abstract

The first step for identification of medicinal plants and their therapeutic effects is to determine their use by local people, traditional medicine books and personal experiences. The aim of this study was to document the medicinal plants used as analgesic, sedative or narcotic agents by local residents of Dehloran, Iran. Interviews conducted with 53 informants (38 male and 15 female) revealed that a total of 32 medicinal plants belonging to 22 families are used in Dehloran as narcotic, sedative and analgesic agents. The most utilized plant families were Asteraceae, Rosaceae and Fabaceae. Approximately 74% of the utilized plants was attributed to herbs, followed by trees (13%) and shrubs (13%). Sixty-six percent of the medicinal plants used in the study area were perennial and the rest were annual or biannual. The most widely used plant parts were flowers (34%) followed by leaves (24%) and fruits (14%). Thirty-nine percent of the medicinal plants were used as sedatives, 39 percent as analgesics, and 24% as narcotics. Recommended plants in this study can be good candidates for further clinical and laboratory trials on diseases that are associated with pain, suffering, stress and depression. They also can be used to develop new sedative, narcotic and analgesic drugs.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: cited By 0
Uncontrolled Keywords: Analgesic, Dehloran ,Ham, Iran ,Medicinal plants ,Narcotic, Sedative
Subjects: QV pharmacology > QV 752 Pharmacognosy
Divisions: Reserach Vice-Chancellar Department > Medical Plants Research Center
Depositing User: zahra bagheri .
Date Deposited: 09 Jul 2017 04:26
Last Modified: 30 May 2018 03:46
URI: http://eprints.skums.ac.ir/id/eprint/1057

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